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Caring for Braces: Tips for Parents and Children

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Braces are a common orthodontic treatment used to correct misaligned teeth and jaw problems. While braces can be highly effective in achieving a beautiful and healthy smile, they require proper care and maintenance to ensure optimal results. This article provides valuable tips for parents and children on how to care for braces, based on research and expert advice.

1. Understanding the Importance of Oral Hygiene

When wearing braces, maintaining good oral hygiene becomes even more crucial. The brackets and wires of braces create additional spaces for food particles and plaque to accumulate, increasing the risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Therefore, it is essential to emphasize the importance of regular brushing and flossing to children with braces.

Here are some key points to remember:

  • Brushing should be done at least twice a day, using a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste.
  • Pay extra attention to cleaning around the brackets and wires, using small circular motions.
  • Flossing should be done daily, using special orthodontic floss or a floss threader to navigate around the wires.
  • Consider using an antimicrobial mouthwash to further reduce the risk of plaque buildup.

By instilling good oral hygiene habits early on, parents can help their children maintain healthy teeth and gums throughout their orthodontic treatment.

2. Eating the Right Foods

While wearing braces, certain foods can pose a risk of damaging the brackets or wires. It is important for parents and children to be aware of these foods and make appropriate dietary choices to protect their braces.

Here are some foods to avoid:

  • Hard and crunchy foods, such as nuts, popcorn, and hard candies, can break or dislodge brackets.
  • Sticky and chewy foods, like caramel, taffy, and chewing gum, can get stuck in the braces and be difficult to remove.
  • Foods that require biting into, such as apples and corn on the cob, should be cut into smaller, bite-sized pieces to avoid damaging the braces.

On the other hand, there are plenty of braces-friendly foods that can be enjoyed without causing any harm. Soft fruits, cooked vegetables, pasta, and yogurt are all excellent options. Encourage your child to maintain a balanced diet and make smart food choices to support their overall oral health.

3. Dealing with Discomfort

It is common for children to experience some discomfort or soreness after getting braces or having them adjusted. This discomfort usually subsides within a few days, but there are several strategies parents and children can use to alleviate the pain.

Here are some tips for managing braces-related discomfort:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Using orthodontic wax to cover any sharp edges or protruding wires can prevent irritation and sore spots in the mouth.
  • Rinsing the mouth with warm saltwater can provide temporary relief and promote healing.
  • Encourage your child to eat soft foods and avoid hard or crunchy foods that may exacerbate the discomfort.

It is important to note that mild discomfort is a normal part of the orthodontic process. However, if the pain is severe or persists for an extended period, it is advisable to consult the orthodontist for further evaluation.

4. Maintaining Regular Orthodontic Visits

Regular visits to the orthodontist are essential for monitoring the progress of the treatment and making any necessary adjustments. These visits also provide an opportunity for the orthodontist to assess the oral hygiene practices of the child and offer guidance on proper care.

Here are some key points to remember:

  • Follow the recommended schedule for orthodontic visits, typically every 4-8 weeks.
  • During these visits, the orthodontist will check the braces, make adjustments, and address any concerns or questions.
  • Take advantage of these appointments to discuss any challenges or difficulties your child may be facing with their braces.

Regular orthodontic visits are crucial for ensuring the braces are working effectively and that the treatment is progressing as planned. By maintaining these appointments, parents can stay informed and actively participate in their child’s orthodontic journey.

5. Protecting Braces during Physical Activities

For children who participate in sports or other physical activities, it is important to take precautions to protect their braces from potential damage. A blow to the face or mouth can cause brackets to break or wires to become dislodged, leading to discomfort and prolonging the treatment process.

Here are some measures to consider:

  • Encourage your child to wear a mouthguard during sports activities to provide an extra layer of protection for their braces.
  • Invest in a custom-fitted mouthguard from the orthodontist, as it will offer the best fit and maximum protection.
  • If a mouthguard is not feasible, consider using orthodontic wax to cover the braces and minimize the risk of injury.

By taking proactive steps to protect braces during physical activities, parents can help prevent unnecessary damage and ensure the treatment progresses smoothly.


Caring for braces requires a combination of good oral hygiene practices, dietary choices, and protective measures. By understanding the importance of oral hygiene, eating the right foods, managing discomfort, maintaining regular orthodontic visits, and protecting braces during physical activities, parents and children can ensure the success of their orthodontic treatment.

Remember, each child’s orthodontic journey is unique, and it is important to consult with the orthodontist for personalized advice and guidance. With proper care and attention, braces can help children achieve a beautiful and healthy smile that lasts a lifetime.

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